One would expect those with resources and a fighting tradition to be the first to respond to military innovation. One was dependent upon the other. More probable is a reconstruction proposed by Victor Hanson, that the Greeks' adoption of hoplite equipment followed rather than preceded -- as the gradual and sudden change theories presuppose -- the introduction of the phalanx. The author's error was probably suggested by the fact that there were 42 age classes helikiai of citizens between the ages of 18 and 59, by means of which hoplites required for a particular campaign were identified when call-up was en tois eponymois.
In addition he has given a people of horsemen, suitors of bronze-armored war. In the introduction to his section on military command S. Typically it combined the most important civil powers with the chief responsibility in military matters. The equation of civil and military leadership was, in part, the result of the fact that military leadership was simply a facet of overall command It is not clear to what "civil powers" the author is referring, but the assumption of civil authority did not in fact attend election to the strategia.
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However active generals may have been in ekklesiastic debate, and however much military success may have enhanced the credentials of strategoi as advisors in the ekklesia , generals did not enjoy political authority in Athens by virtue of their tenure of the generalship. Moreover, the authority which individual generals exercised even in the military sphere was muted both by the collegiate nature of their office and by a demos which by various means exercised a pervasive control over its strategoi. I am at a loss to understand how S.
The passage again illustrates the relative freedom of the commander in such circumstances The evidence for the disposal of booty by Athenian generals of the classical period is in fact not so clear cut, but it is at the least consistent with the conclusion that in disposing of booty Athens' generals acted in accord with the expectations of their home government, if not actually in obedience to its direct orders. But even if Lamachos had held more offices, it would be stretching our evidence, in the absence of explicit testimony, to suggest he did so because of his military expertise.
As evidence for the existence in Athens of a force of mounted archers S.
But while this passage has been taken by some to refer to mounted archers, Andocides in fact mentions only cavalry and Scythian archers, i. The problems with Warfare in Ancient Greece are numerous but easily corrected, and it is to be hoped that the author may have the opportunity to offer a second edition.
In its current state the sourcebook can nonetheless function well as a class text, provided that instructors are careful to correct any mistaken impressions that it might leave. See H.
Greenhalgh, Early Greek Warfare Cambridge, , p. See A. While this collection of articles appears elsewhere in S. February 19, - Published on Amazon. October 14, - Published on Amazon. If you loved John Keegan's Face of Battle with his realistic portrayal of the common soldier's experience in bloody battle from Agincourt to W.
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I, then then you will love the collection of superb articles by acknowledged experts in ancient Greek Hoplite warfare asembled by V. Instead of dry and boring descriptions of military strategy and tactics written by ancient and modern historians who spotlight kings and generals, each expert in Hanson's volume describes almost every aspect of ancient archaic and classical Greek hoplite battle from contemporary technology, the action in the killing zone of battle with its horrific wounds and injuries suffered by warriors,to the ritual sacrifices before battle, and the aftermath Furthermore,the evolution of the role of the "general" is traced from ancient to modern military history.
This is a must read for martial artists of all styles and systems and for enthusiasts of ancient world history of all periods and places.
I'm thrilled that I have my copy of Hanson's valuable book. February 2, - Published on Amazon. Nice read.
ISBN 13: 9780415098168
August 19, - Published on Amazon. Great read. Go to Amazon.
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